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Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Hypospadias and epispadias
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Premature ovarian failure
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumor
Surface epithelial-stromal tumor
Germ cell ovarian tumor
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Female sexual interest and arousal disorder
Genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorder
Fibrocystic breast changes
Paget disease of the breast
Preeclampsia & eclampsia
Intrauterine growth restriction
Congenital cytomegalovirus (NORD)
Neonatal herpes simplex
Congenital rubella syndrome
Gestational trophoblastic disease
Fetal hydantoin syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Disorders of sex chromosomes: Pathology review
Prostate disorders and cancer: Pathology review
Testicular tumors: Pathology review
Uterine disorders: Pathology review
Ovarian cysts and tumors: Pathology review
Cervical cancer: Pathology review
Vaginal and vulvar disorders: Pathology review
Benign breast conditions: Pathology review
Breast cancer: Pathology review
Complications during pregnancy: Pathology review
Congenital TORCH infections: Pathology review
Disorders of sexual development and sex hormones: Pathology review
Amenorrhea: Pathology Review
Testicular and scrotal conditions: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Warts and ulcers: Pathology review
Sexually transmitted infections: Vaginitis and cervicitis: Pathology review
HIV and AIDS: Pathology review
Penile conditions: Pathology review
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0 / 3 complete
adenocarcinomas p. 678
estrogens for p. 680
incidence/mortality of p. 202
leuprolide for p. 680
metastases of p. 224
tumor suppressor genes and p. 222
Tanner Marshall, MS
Prostate cancer, usually refers to prostate adenocarcinoma, where adeno- means gland and carcinoma refers to uncontrolled growth of cells - so prostate cancer is a tumor or growth that originates in the prostate gland.
Only males are born with a prostate, so this condition only affects males and not females.
Typically, when there’s a prostate cancer it’s considered malignant, meaning that the tumor cells can metastasize, or invade and destroy surrounding tissues as well as tissues throughout the body.
The prostate is a small gland, about the size and shape of a walnut, that sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum.
The urethra which is the tube through which urine leaves the bladder, goes through the prostate before reaching the penis.
And that part of the urethra is called the prostatic urethra.
The prostate is covered by a capsule of tough connective tissue and smooth muscle.
Beneath this layer, the prostate can be divided into a few zones.
The peripheral zone, which is the outermost posterior section, is the largest of the zone and contain about 70% of the prostate’s glandular tissue.
Moving inward, the next section is the central zone which contains about 25% of the glandular tissue as well as the ejaculatory ducts that join with the prostatic urethra.
Last, is the transitional zone, which contains around 5% of the glandular tissue as well as a portion of the prostatic urethra.
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. It usually arises in the posterior lobe of the prostate and can spread to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. Symptoms include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, weight loss, and pain in the pelvis during urination. Treatment may involve a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy, and surgery.
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