Type I hypersensitivity
Type II hypersensitivity
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Hemolytic disease of the newborn
Rheumatic heart disease
Type III hypersensitivity
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Type IV hypersensitivity
Cytomegalovirus infection after transplant (NORD)
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (NORD)
Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency
Common variable immunodeficiency
IgG subclass deficiency
Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome
Isolated primary immunoglobulin M deficiency
Severe combined immunodeficiency
Adenosine deaminase deficiency
Hyper IgM syndrome
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency
Chronic granulomatous disease
Blood transfusion reactions and transplant rejection: Pathology review
Immunodeficiencies: T-cell and B-cell disorders: Pathology review
Immunodeficiencies: Combined T-cell and B-cell disorders: Pathology review
Immunodeficiencies: Phagocyte and complement dysfunction: Pathology review
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A ruptured spleen is a medical emergency that occurs when the spleen, an organ located in the upper left side of the abdomen, tears open. This can result in intra abdominal bleeding, abdominal pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, and feeling faint.
Causes of spleen rupture may be traumatic., or nontraumatic. Among traumatic causes include blunt and penetrating abdominal injuries. Non-traumatic causes are less common and include infectious diseases, medical procedures such as colonoscopies, hematological diseases, medications, and pregnancy. Treatment typically involves surgery to repair or remove the spleen, followed by antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
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