A ruptured spleen is a medical emergency that occurs when the spleen, an organ located in the upper left side of the abdomen, tears open. This can result in intra abdominal bleeding, abdominal pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, and feeling faint.
Causes of spleen rupture may be traumatic., or nontraumatic. Among traumatic causes include blunt and penetrating abdominal injuries. Non-traumatic causes are less common and include infectious diseases, medical procedures such as colonoscopies, hematological diseases, medications, and pregnancy. Treatment typically involves surgery to repair or remove the spleen, followed by antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.