Sensorineural hearing loss

Summary of Sensorineural hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss is a type of hearing loss or deafness in which the root cause lies in the inner ear (cochlea and associated structures), vestibulocochlear nerve (cranial nerve VIII), or central auditory processing centers of the brain. Sensorineural hearing loss accounts for about 90% of reported hearing loss. A hallmark of sensorineural hearing loss is that it is asymmetrically distributed, usually toward the high frequency region, or may have a notch at some frequency. It is generally permanent and can be mild, moderate, severe, profound, or total.

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Pathology

Eyes, ears, nose and throat

Eye disorders
Ear disorders
Vestibular disorders
Nasal and nasopharyngeal disorders
Oral cavity and oropharyngeal disorders
Laryngeal disorders
Thyroid and parathyroid gland disorders
Eyes, ears, nose and throat pathology review

Assessments
Sensorineural hearing loss

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Flashcards

Sensorineural hearing loss

8 flashcards
Preview

In sensorineural hearing loss, the Rinne test will be (positive/negative) , suggesting normal conductive hearing.

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

1 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

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Preview

A 15-year-old teenage boy comes to the office for an evaluation of gross hematuria. His family history is significant for the death of 2 siblings due to renal failure. Upon medical interrogation, the patient reports that lately, he has noticed blurry vision while looking at objects far away. On physical exam, the patient looks well-appearing. Assessment of his visual acuity shows  20/40. A complete eye exam reveals a right corneal erosion and multiple lens opacities on both eyes. His temperature is 36.7°C (98.2°F), pulse is 61/min, respirations are 16/min, blood pressure is 110/60 mmHg. A kidney biopsy shows thinning of the glomerular basement membrane, in addition to, the immunochemistry staining absence of alpha-5-chain of type 4 collagen (COL4A5) proteins. At this point, which of the following findings is most likely to occur in this patient as a result of his condition?

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