Shaken baby syndrome

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Shaken baby syndrome

Pathology

Central nervous system disorders

Spina bifida

Chiari malformation

Dandy-Walker malformation

Syringomyelia

Tethered spinal cord syndrome

Aqueductal stenosis

Septo-optic dysplasia

Cerebral palsy

Spinocerebellar ataxia (NORD)

Transient ischemic attack

Ischemic stroke

Intracerebral hemorrhage

Epidural hematoma

Subdural hematoma

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Saccular aneurysm

Arteriovenous malformation

Broca aphasia

Wernicke aphasia

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Kluver-Bucy syndrome

Concussion and traumatic brain injury

Shaken baby syndrome

Epilepsy

Febrile seizure

Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (NORD)

Tension headache

Cluster headache

Migraine

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension

Trigeminal neuralgia

Cavernous sinus thrombosis

Alzheimer disease

Vascular dementia

Frontotemporal dementia

Lewy body dementia

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Torticollis

Essential tremor

Restless legs syndrome

Parkinson disease

Huntington disease

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (NORD)

Multiple sclerosis

Central pontine myelinolysis

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

Transverse myelitis

JC virus (Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy)

Adult brain tumors

Acoustic neuroma (schwannoma)

Pituitary adenoma

Pediatric brain tumors

Brain herniation

Brown-Sequard Syndrome

Cauda equina syndrome

Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Syringomyelia

Friedreich ataxia

Neurogenic bladder

Meningitis

Neonatal meningitis

Encephalitis

Brain abscess

Epidural abscess

Cavernous sinus thrombosis

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Central and peripheral nervous system disorders

Sturge-Weber syndrome

Tuberous sclerosis

Neurofibromatosis

von Hippel-Lindau disease

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Peripheral nervous system disorders

Spinal muscular atrophy

Poliovirus

Guillain-Barre syndrome

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Trigeminal neuralgia

Bell palsy

Winged scapula

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Ulnar claw

Erb-Duchenne palsy

Klumpke paralysis

Sciatica

Myasthenia gravis

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

Autonomic nervous system disorders

Orthostatic hypotension

Horner syndrome

Nervous system pathology review

Congenital neurological disorders: Pathology review

Headaches: Pathology review

Seizures: Pathology review

Cerebral vascular disease: Pathology review

Traumatic brain injury: Pathology review

Spinal cord disorders: Pathology review

Dementia: Pathology review

Central nervous system infections: Pathology review

Movement disorders: Pathology review

Neuromuscular junction disorders: Pathology review

Demyelinating disorders: Pathology review

Adult brain tumors: Pathology review

Pediatric brain tumors: Pathology review

Neurocutaneous disorders: Pathology review

Assessments

Shaken baby syndrome

Flashcards

0 / 8 complete

USMLE® Step 1 questions

0 / 3 complete

High Yield Notes

5 pages

Flashcards

Shaken baby syndrome

of complete

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

of complete

A 6-month-old boy is brought into the emergency department by his parent following a motor vehicle accident. The parent states they were stopped at an intersection when another car hit hers in the rear. The patient was restrained in a car seat during the accident. At arrival, the patient’s temperature is 37.6°C (99.7°F), blood pressure is 95/47 mmHg, and pulse is 109/min. Weight is at the 10th percentile and height is at the 60th percentile. The patient is inconsolable by his parent. Physical examination reveals several bruises over the trunk and extremities at different stages of healing, which the parent attributes to falls that occurred while he was learning to walk. There is significant tenderness over the right leg and any manipulation of the extremity causes pain. Imaging reveals a spiral fracture of the femur. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patient’s symptoms?  

External References

First Aid

2016

External Links

Summary

Shaken baby syndrome is a constellation of medical findings: subdural hematoma, retinal bleeding, and brain swelling from which physicians, consistent with current medical understanding, infer child abuse caused by violent shaking. In a majority of cases, there is no visible sign of external injury. This can lead to symptoms like vomiting, seizures, lethargy, irritability, and decreased responsiveness. In severe cases, the child may lose consciousness or go into a coma. SBS can lead to long-term health problems, including developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, and cerebral palsy.

Elsevier

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