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Supraventricular arrhythmias: Pathology review

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Pathology

Cardiovascular system

Vascular disorders
Congenital heart defects
Cardiac arrhythmias
Valvular disorders
Cardiomyopathies
Heart failure
Cardiac infections
Pericardial disorders
Cardiac tumors
Cardiovascular system pathology review

Assessments
Supraventricular arrhythmias: Pathology review

Questions

1 / 11 complete
Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

11 questions
Preview

A 73-year-old female presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath. She is concerned her “COPD is flaring up.” Past medical history is notable for hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and type II diabetes mellitus. She has been smoking one pack of cigarettes per day for twenty years. Temperature is 37.0°C (98.6°F), pulse is 136/min, respirations are 22/min, blood pressure is 104/72 mmHg, and oxygen saturation is 92% on room air. The patient is currently speaking in three to four word sentences and demonstrates increased work of breathing. There are bilateral rales throughout the lung fields, and the electrocardiogram from triage is shown below:  


Based on this patient's electrocardiogram, which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?  

Transcript

Content Reviewers:

Antonia Syrnioti, MD

Melissa is a 21 year old college student who is having the time of her life at a party. It’s late, and unfortunately she has class the next morning, so she drinks a ton of coffee to sober up. On her way out, Melissa collapses to the floor, but wakes up after a couple of seconds. On her way to the emergency room, she tells the paramedics that she’s “aware of her heartbeat”. Then comes Taylor, a 32 year old female who is brought to the emergency room by her partner because she suddenly collapsed for a couple of minutes while cooking dinner. Taylor is now awake, and she tells you that right before collapsing she was feeling dizzy and like her heart was racing, but now she’s fine. They are both placed on different monitors. Melissa’s heart rate is 200 beats per minute and regular, and this is Melissa’s ECG. On the other hand, Taylor’s