Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Temporomandibular disorders are a group of musculoskeletal disorders that result from dysfunction in the temporomandibular joint or masticatory muscles controlling the jaw. It is characterized by pain or discomfort in the jaw, face, and neck, as well as difficulty with chewing, talking, and even yawning.
Some of the causes of TMJ dysfunction include injury to the jaw, arthritis, or stress that causes clenching or grinding of the teeth. It can also result from a misaligned bite, or a structural problem with the jaw joint itself. Treatment of temporomandibular disorder depends on the underlying cause, but the initial goal is to help reduce pain and restore normal jaw function. Also, physical therapy involving jaw exercises can help with pain and range of motion.
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