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Torticollis

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Nervous system

Pathology

Central nervous system disorders
Central and peripheral nervous system disorders
Peripheral nervous system disorders
Autonomic nervous system disorders
Nervous system pathology review

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Torticollis

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High Yield Notes
4 pages
Flashcards

Torticollis

5 flashcards
Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

1 questions

USMLE® Step 2 style questions USMLE

1 questions
Preview

A 2-month-old infant boy is evaluated for the first time since delivery. The patient was born at 40 weeks gestation via vaginal delivery and had a normal prenatal and postnatal birth history. He feeds 2-3 oz of breastmilk and formula every 2-3 hours. He is in the 75th percentile for height, 75th percentile for weight, and 50th percentile for head circumference. On physical examination, there is prominent head posturing. The head is tilted to the right side, and the chin is rotated to the left shoulder. A mass is palpable in the inferior portion of the neck on the right side. The mass is firm and does not transilluminate with a penlight. The rest of the physical examination, including the reflexes and muscular tone of the extremities, is normal. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patient’s condition?  

External References
Summary
Torticollis is a dystonic condition defined by an abnormal, asymmetrical head or neck position. The underlying anatomical distortion causing torticollis is a shortened sternocleidomastoid muscle.