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Trigeminal neuralgia

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Nervous system

Pathology

Central nervous system disorders
Central and peripheral nervous system disorders
Peripheral nervous system disorders
Autonomic nervous system disorders
Nervous system pathology review

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Trigeminal neuralgia

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High Yield Notes
3 pages
Flashcards

Trigeminal neuralgia

6 flashcards
Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

1 questions
Preview

A 55-year-old woman comes to the office due to 2 months of episodic jaw pain. She describes sharp shooting, “shock like” pain over the left side of her jaw that typically lasts for a few seconds. She has noticed a few times that the pain has occurred while she was eating dinner, and once while she was brushing her teeth. Physical examination shows no abnormalities. The patient is started on the first line medication for her condition. During her one month follow-up appointment, she states that her symptoms have improved significantly, but she describes feeling some dizziness and instability. Which of the following is the mechanism of action of the medication being used by this patient?  

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Summary
Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as prosopalgia, tic douloureux, or Fothergill's disease, is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face. It has been described as among the most painful conditions known. The pain originates from a variety of different locations on the face and may be felt in front of the ear, eye, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, cheeks, mouth, or jaw and side of the face.