Acid-base map and compensatory mechanisms
Buffering and Henderson-Hasselbalch equation
Physiologic pH and buffers
The role of the kidney in acid-base balance
Plasma anion gap
Renal system anatomy and physiology
Body fluid compartments
Movement of water between body compartments
Measuring renal plasma flow and renal blood flow
Regulation of renal blood flow
TF/Px ratio and TF/Pinulin
Phosphate, calcium and magnesium homeostasis
Free water clearance
Kidney countercurrent multiplication
Distal convoluted tubule
Loop of Henle
Proximal convoluted tubule
Tubular reabsorption and secretion
Tubular reabsorption and secretion of weak acids and bases
Tubular reabsorption of glucose
Tubular secretion of PAH
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Tubular reabsorption and secretion are important processes that occur in the kidneys to maintain the balance of electrolytes and fluids in the body. Tubular reabsorption occurs when the kidneys reabsorb useful substances, such as glucose, amino acids, and electrolytes, from the filtrate back into the bloodstream. This process occurs primarily in the proximal tubule of the nephron and is critical in maintaining the body's electrolyte and fluid balance. Tubular secretion is the opposite process, where the kidneys secrete waste products, such as excess potassium or hydrogen ions, from the bloodstream into the tubular fluid. This process occurs primarily in the distal and collecting tubules of the nephron.
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