Tympanic membrane perforation
Tympanic membrane perforation, also known as a ruptured eardrum, is a condition where there is a tear or hole in the thin membrane that separates the outer ear from the middle ear. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as otitis media, trauma (e.g. by trying to clean the ear with sharp instruments), explosion, or loud noise.
Symptoms of tympanic membrane perforation may include pain, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and drainage from the ear. In some cases, the perforation may heal on its own within a few weeks, but in other cases, medical intervention may be necessary. Treatment options include medications to prevent or treat infection and reduce inflammation, or surgery to repair the perforation.