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Alcohol-induced liver disease
Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency
Benign liver tumors
Cholestatic liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms
Familial adenomatous polyposis
Juvenile polyposis syndrome
Small bowel ischemia and infarction
Protein losing enteropathy
Short bowel syndrome (NORD)
Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome
Diverticulosis and diverticulitis
Irritable bowel syndrome
Cleft lip and palate
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Diffuse esophageal spasm
Eosinophilic esophagitis (NORD)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome
Gastric dumping syndrome
Dental caries disease
Gingivitis and periodontitis
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Appendicitis: Pathology review
Cirrhosis: Pathology review
Colorectal polyps and cancer: Pathology review
Congenital gastrointestinal disorders: Pathology review
Diverticular disease: Pathology review
Esophageal disorders: Pathology review
Gallbladder disorders: Pathology review
Gastrointestinal bleeding: Pathology review
GERD, peptic ulcers, gastritis, and stomach cancer: Pathology review
Inflammatory bowel disease: Pathology review
Jaundice: Pathology review
Malabsorption syndromes: Pathology review
Neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal system: Pathology review
Pancreatitis: Pathology review
Viral hepatitis: Pathology review
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A patient's experience with ulcerative colitis.
Ulcerative Colitis Associations
Ulcerative Colitis Characteristics
Crohn's Disease & Ulcerative Colitis
ulcerative colitis p. 389
ulcerative colitis and p. 389
for ulcerative colitis p. 389
ulcerative colitis p. 725
ulcerative colitis association p. 389
autoantibody p. 113
spondyloarthritis p. 475
sulfasalazine for p. 407
treatment p. 725
Inflammatory bowel disease can cause inflammation in the small and large intestine, in other words...inflammation of the bowel.
Colitis refers specifically to inflammation in the colon, or the large intestine. Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that tends to form ulcers along the inner-surface or lumen of the large intestine, including both the colon and the rectum.
These ulcers are spots in the mucosa where the tissue has eroded away and left behind open sores or breaks in the membrane.
Sometimes there is a flare which means that new damage has occurred, and then there are periods of remission when the tissue starts to heal up.
Ulcerative colitis is actually the most common type of inflammatory bowel disease, not that there are that many, but this one causes inflammation and ulcers in the mucosa and submucosa of the large intestine only, which is an important point that sets it apart from Crohn disease, another inflammatory bowel disease.
Now although certain environmental factors like diet and stress were once thought to be the culprit behind these ulcers forming in the gut, now it’s thought that these are more secondary, meaning they seem to make symptoms worse, but ulcerative colitis is now ultimately thought to be autoimmune in origin.
In fact, cytotoxic T cells from the immune system are often found in the epithelium lining the colon, so the thought is that inflammation and ulceration in the large intestine is caused by T cells destroying the cells lining the walls of the large intestine, leaving behind these eroded areas or ulcers.
Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the mucosa and submucosa of the large intestine, specifically in the colon and rectum. The cause of the disease is believed to be autoimmune in origin, with cytotoxic T cells destroying the cells lining the walls of the large intestine, leaving behind eroded areas or ulcers. Environmental stimuli and genetic predisposition also play a role. Diagnosis typically requires colonoscopy and radiological imaging. Treatment includes anti-inflammatory medications, drugs that suppress the immune system, and biologic treatments. In severe cases, colectomy may be necessary.
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