Urethritis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The most common cause of urethritis is infection by bacteria, but it can also be caused by viruses, fungi, or irritants. The infection is often a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
The most common presentation is painful or difficult urination, other symptoms include burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, hematuria, pyuria. Treatment for urethritis depends on the underlying cause, and may include antibiotics, avoiding irritants such as chemicals, soaps, or spermicidal agents. Drinking plenty of fluids and taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help relieve discomfort.