Vertigo is a type of dizziness characterized by the illusion of motion or spinning. A person with vertigo feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not. Vertigo may be associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating, or difficulty walking. It is typically worsened when the head is moved.
Vertigo can be caused by various conditions affecting the inner ear, brain, or sensory pathways, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular neuritis, Meniere's disease, or migraines. Diagnosis requires a thorough medical history, physical examination, and vestibular testing Treatment depends on the underlying causes and may include medications like antiemetics and benzodiazepines, or even surgery.