Conductive hearing loss
Eustachian tube dysfunction
Tympanic membrane perforation
Age-related macular degeneration
Retinopathy of prematurity
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Retropharyngeal and peritonsillar abscesses
Thyroglossal duct cyst
Acoustic neuroma (schwannoma)
Eye conditions: Inflammation, infections and trauma: Pathology review
Eye conditions: Refractive errors, lens disorders and glaucoma: Pathology review
Eye conditions: Retinal disorders: Pathology review
Nasal, oral and pharyngeal diseases: Pathology review
Parathyroid disorders and calcium imbalance: Pathology review
Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer: Pathology review
Vertigo: Pathology review
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Structural Esophageal Disorders & GERD
Zenker diverticulum p. 391
Zenker diverticulum, also known as a pharyngeal diverticulum, is a condition where a small pouch or sac protrudes from the mucosa of the human pharynx. It is a false diverticulum because it does not involve all layers of the esophageal wall. Symptoms of Zenker diverticulum include dysphagia, obstruction, gurgling, coughing, bad breath, and possibly a neck mass. Sometimes, it becomes infected, leading to fever, throat pain, and a foul-smelling discharge. Complications of Zenker diverticulum can include malnutrition, pneumonia, and aspiration. Treatment options include surgery, endoscopic therapy to seal the opening of the diverticulum, or balloon dilation.
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