Back

Clavicular Notch

What Is It, Location, Purpose, and More

Author:Anna Hernández, MD

Editors:Alyssa Haag,Ian Mannarino, MD, MBA,Kelsey LaFayette, DNP, ARNP, FNP-C

Illustrator:Jessica Reynolds, MS

Copyeditor:David G. Walker


What is the clavicular notch?

The clavicular notch is a small, oval-shaped depression located on either side of the sternum. It is angled posteriorly, laterally, and superiorly and articulates with the sternal end of each clavicle to form the sternoclavicular joints (the only bony articulation that attaches the upper limb to the axial skeleton).

Sternum with the clavicular notch on either side of the manubrium.

Where is the clavicular notch?

The clavicular notch is found laterally on either side of the manubrium of the sternum. The sternum is the flat, elongated bone that sits in the middle of the anterior part of the thoracic cage. The manubrium (which is the trapezoid bone that forms the superior portion of the sternum) has a shallow, U-shaped depression called the jugular or suprasternal notch that can be easily palpated at the base of the neck. The jugular notch is deepened by the sternal ends of the clavicles, which bulge out from the clavicular notches in the manubrium. Inferior and lateral to the clavicular notches is the first sternocostal joint, which is the site of attachment of the first costal cartilage to the manubrium of the sternum.

Excited Mo character in scrubs
Join millions of students and clinicians who learn by Osmosis!
Start Your Free Trial

What is the purpose of the clavicular notch?

The clavicular notch articulates with the medial or sternal end of each clavicle to form the two sternoclavicular joints. The sternoclavicular joint is a saddle type of synovial joint, named so because the manubrial articulating surface is concave and the clavicular articulating surface is convex. The two articulating surfaces fit together the same way that a cowboy sits on a horse’s saddle, hence the name saddle joint

The sternoclavicular joint has an articular disc that is firmly attached to the fibrous joint capsule by the sternoclavicular ligaments and the interclavicular ligament. The ligaments surrounding the fibrous capsule are the anterior and the posterior sternoclavicular ligaments, which reinforce the joint capsule anteriorly and posteriorly; the interclavicular ligament, which strengthens the sternoclavicular joint superiorly; and the costoclavicular ligament, which anchors the inferior surface of the medial end of the clavicle to the first costal cartilage. The costoclavicular ligament also provides stability to the sternoclavicular joint by limiting the elevation of the pectoral girdle.

The main function of the sternoclavicular joint is to support the range of motion of the upper limb, as well as provide a stable connection between the upper limbs and the upper body.

Watch related videos:

Mo with coat and stethoscope

Want to Join Osmosis?

Join millions of students and clinicians who learn by Osmosis!

Start Your Free Trial

Related links

Anatomy of the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints
Anatomy clinical correlates: Clavicle and shoulder
Bones and joints of the thoracic wall

Resources for research and reference

Altalib, A. A., Miao, K. H., & Menezes, R. G. (2022). Anatomy, Thorax, Sternum. In StatPearls. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK541141/#:~:text=The%20sternum%20is%20a%20partially,forming%20the%20anterior%20rib%20cage

Hansen, J. T., & Netter, F. H. (Eds.). (2014). Netter’s clinical anatomy (4th edition). Elsevier.

Harrison, L. (2019). The thoracic cage. In Anatomical Basis of Injury. Retrieved from https://uhlibraries.pressbooks.pub/atpanatomy/chapter/7-4-the-thoracic-cage/

Standring, S., & Gray, H. (Eds.). (2021). Gray’s anatomy: The anatomical basis of clinical practice (42nd ed.). Elsevier.