An enema is when fluid is inserted into the rectum and lower colon, and that’s usually done to stimulate the elimination of feces from the rectum. An enema can be performed to treat constipation (which is when people have trouble voiding their bowels) or a fecal impaction (which is when the feces form a dry, hard mass in the rectum and can’t be eliminated by the person). Another reason for using an enema is to clean the rectum and lower the colon before a diagnostic or surgical procedure.
|TYPE of ENEMA|
|Cleansing||Clean the colon of feces entirely|
|Oil-retention ||Lubricating enemas that soften the feces in order to make them easier to eliminate|
|Medicated||Contain medication that can be prescribed for a variety of reasons, e.g., lowering serum potassium levels|
An enema is a procedure by which a fluid is injected into the rectum. This is done usually to administer some drugs or contrast, but also to expel rectal contents. Administering an enema is a clinical skill that can be performed in a number of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and even the home. There are a few key things to remember when performing an enema:
-Be sure to use the right type of enema for the patient (liquid, coffee, etc.) -Ensure that the area is clean and sterile before beginning -Make sure all equipment is sterilized and ready to use before beginning -Be gentle when inserting the enema into the rectum; too much force can cause damage or discomfort -Retain the enema for as long as instructed by the doctor or nurse
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