Eyes, ears, nose, and throat
Age-related macular degeneration
Retinopathy of prematurity
Eye conditions: Inflammation, infections and trauma: Pathology review
Eye conditions: Refractive errors, lens disorders and glaucoma: Pathology review
Eye conditions: Retinal disorders: Pathology review
Nasal, oral and pharyngeal diseases: Pathology review
Parathyroid disorders and calcium imbalance: Pathology review
Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer: Pathology review
Vertigo: Pathology review
0 / 12 complete
Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a type of eye infection that affects newborn babies. It can be caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the eye during or shortly after birth.
In neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis, the baby's eyes catch the infection during passage through the infected mother's birth canal, usually with either Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis. Symptoms of neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis include mucopurulent discharge, conjunctival hyperemia, crusting of the eyelashes, and can cause blindness if left untreated. Neonatal viral conjunctivitis is usually caused by adenovirus and enterovirus infection, and is less severe compared to its bacterial counterpart.
To prevent neonatal conjunctivitis, it is important to practice good hygiene during childbirth and to follow guidelines for the care of newborns, such as washing hands before handling the baby and avoiding sharing towels or other personal items with the baby. Prophylactic (preventive) eye drops or ointments may be given to newborns to prevent infection.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.