Mallory-Weiss syndrome

Summary of Mallory-Weiss syndrome
Mallory–Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus. This is usually caused by severe vomiting because of alcoholism or bulimia, but can be caused by any conditions which causes violent vomiting and retching such as food poisoning. The syndrome presents with painful hematemesis. The laceration is sometimes referred to as a Mallory-Weiss tear.

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Pathology

Gastrointestinal system

Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity disorders
Upper gastrointestinal tract disorders
Lower gastrointestinal tract disorders
Liver, gallbladder and pancreas disorders
Gastrointestinal system pathology review

Assessments
Mallory-Weiss syndrome

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High Yield Notes
13 pages
Flashcards

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

6 flashcards
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(Painful/Painless) hematemesis is the most common symptom of Mallory-Weiss syndrome.

Questions

USMLE® Step 1 style questions USMLE

3 questions
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A 30-year-old man comes into the emergency department because of sharp chest pain radiating to his back. He recently graduated from law school and has been celebrating for the past week at local bars. He says that he was drinking to the point of vomiting and blacking out. He thinks his pain began after a particularly intense night of vomiting and retching. His vital signs show no abnormalities. Physical examination shows heart sounds with a regular rate without any murmurs, lungs which are clear to auscultation, and a soft, non-distended abdomen. There is no hepatosplenomegaly. Which of the following is the most likely etiology of this patient’s underlying problem? 

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