Summary of Emphysema
Flashcards on Emphysema
Emphysema is a type of pulmonary disease that involves destruction of alveolar air sacs due to an imbalance between protease and anti-protease action.
Questions on Emphysema
A 30-year-old woman comes to the office because of dyspnea and cough for 7 months. She says that she has not had any fevers, and only minimal cough. Abdominal examination shows an enlarged liver. Pulmonary examination shows prolonged expiration through pursed lips and an increased anterior-posterior diameter of the chest. Laboratory investigations show an elevated alpha fetoprotein (AFP) level. A CT-scan of the lungs is obtained, and the radiology report diagnoses panacinar emphysema. Which of the following is the most likely underlying cause?