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## Summary of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is a principle that states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population remain constant over generations unless disturbed by evolutionary influences - non-random mating, mutations, natural selection, limited population size, random genetic drift, gene flow. When the conditions for Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium are met, allele frequencies can be determined by the equation: p + q = 1, where p and q give the frequency of specific alleles in the population. Genotype frequencies can also be determined by p

^{2}+ 2pq + q^{2}= 1, where p^{2}gives proportion of homozygous dominant genotype, 2pq gives proportion of heterozygous genotype, and q^{2}gives proportion of homozygous recessive genotype in the population.## Flashcards on Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

### Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

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Genetic is a factor in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and describes changes in allele frequencies in a population over generations due to random chance.

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