Summary of Cell cycle
The cell cycle is a circular pathway in which a cell grows, copies its genetic material, and splits into two daughter cells, which then go on to cycle through the same process. The stages of the cell cycle of eukaryotic cells are divided into interphase and the mitotic phase. The cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA during interphase, and separates its DNA into two identical sets and divides its cytoplasm during the mitotic phase.
The G1 phase, or Gap 1 phase, is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that takes place in eukaryotic cell division. In this part of interphase, the cell synthesizes mRNA and proteins in preparation for subsequent steps leading to mitosis. G1 phase ends when the cell moves into the S phase of interphase.
G2 phase is the third and final subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle directly preceding mitosis. It follows the successful completion of S phase, during which the cell’s DNA is replicated. G2 phase ends with the onset of prophase, the first phase of mitosis in which the cell’s chromatin condenses into chromosomes .
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical eukaryotic cell spends most of its life. During interphase, the cell copies its DNA in preparation for mitosis. Interphase is the 'daily living' or metabolic phase of the cell, in which the cell obtains nutrients and metabolizes them, grows, reads its DNA, and conducts other normal cell functions. Interphase is comprised of G1, S, and G2 phases.
Flashcards on Cell cycle
The phase of the cell cycle involves DNA and histone synthesis.