Summary of Metabolic acidosis
Flashcards on Metabolic acidosis
and beta-hydroxybutyric acid are metabolites of fat metabolism that can cause metabolic acidosis when they accumulate.
Questions on Metabolic acidosis
A 40-year-old man comes to the emergency department unresponsive. Vital signs show a blood pressure of 90/60 mmHg, a heart rate of 125/min, and a respiratory rate of 24/min. The patient’s pupils are fixed and dilated and a fruity breath odor is present. Physical examination reveals the liver edge is palpable 5 cm below the rib border. Laboratory data is consistent with metabolic acidosis with a high anion gap and normal glucose levels. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?