00:00 / 00:00
Gastrointestinal system anatomy and physiology
0 / 22 complete
0 / 8 complete
in gastrointestinal tract p. 395
The main job of the gastrointestinal system is ingestion - taking in food, digestion - breaking it down into nutrients, absorption - pulling these nutrients into the bloodstream, and finally, excretion - getting rid of waste.
All right, so let’s say we eat a slice of pizza. The pizza goes in our oral cavity where we use our teeth to masticate, or chew the food up into small fragments.
These fragments get tasted and rolled around by the tongue, which is basically a huge muscle that lines the floor of the mouth.
The roof of the mouth, which separates it from the nasal cavity, is made up by the anterior hard palate, which provides a hard surface for the tongue to mash food against and the posterior soft palate, which moves together, along with the pendulum- like uvula to form a flap or valve that helps makes sure food flows down instead of going up into the nose.
At the same time, the three sets of salivary glands - the sublingual, below the tongue, the submandibular, below the mandible, and the parotid gland, which is near the ear all secrete saliva to lubricate the food.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier, its licensors, and contributors. All rights are reserved, including those for text and data mining, AI training, and similar technologies.
Cookies are used by this site.
USMLE® is a joint program of the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). COMLEX-USA® is a registered trademark of The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Inc. NCLEX-RN® is a registered trademark of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are endorsed by nor affiliated with Osmosis or this website.