Summary of Antimalarials
Antimalarial medications, also known as antimalarials, are designed to prevent or cure malaria. Such drugs may be used for some or all of the following: treatment of malaria in individuals with suspected or confirmed infection; prevention of infection in individuals visiting a malaria-endemic region who have no immunity (malaria prophylaxis); routine intermittent treatment of certain groups in endemic regions (intermittent preventive therapy).
Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. It is also occasionally used for amebiasis that is occurring outside of the intestines, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus. It is taken by mouth.
Quinine is a medication used to prevent and treat malaria and to treat babesiosis. This includes to treat malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum that is resistant to chloroquine when artesunate is not available. While used for restless legs syndrome it is not recommended for this purpose. It can be taken by mouth or used intravenously. Malaria that is resistant to quinine occur in certain areas of the world.
Flashcards on Antimalarials
Which 3 anti-plasmodial drugs are contraindicated in a patient with a G6PD Deficiency?