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Jada Williams is a 55-year-old African American female who presents to her primary care office.
At her visit one month ago, her blood pressure was 150/94 mmHg.
Stage 1 hypertension is between 130 and 139 mmHg on the systolic side, and between 80 and 89 mmHg on the diastolic side.
Stage 2 hypertension is defined as anything that is 140 mmHg or higher on the systolic side and 90 mmHg or higher on the diastolic side.
Primary hypertension has no known underlying cause, but it is thought to be due to the interaction of environmental and genetic factors affecting the cardiovascular and renal systems.
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