Intestinal fluid balance

Summary of Intestinal fluid balance
The gastrointestinal tract absorbs a large amount of fluid and electrolytes daily. A disturbance in the gastrointestinal tract creates the potential for a large loss of total body water and electrolytes. 

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Intestinal fluid balance

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Intestinal fluid balance

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Neurotransmitters and hormones such as acetylcholine and vasoactive intestinal peptide can bind to receptors on the basolateral membrane of crypt cells to activate adenylyl cyclase and generate , which opens the chloride channels in the apical membrane to allow chloride, sodium, and water to be secreted into the lumen.