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|DRUG NAME||misoprostol (Cytotec)||dinoprostone (Cervidil, Prepidil, Prostin E2)|
|CLASS||Prostaglandin E1 analog (PGE1)||Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)|
|MECHANISM OF ACTION|
|ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION|
|CONTRAINDICATIONS AND CAUTIONS|
|PROSTAGLANDINS: NURSING CONSIDERATIONS|
|MISOPROSTOL (CYTOTEC)||When using prostaglandins for cervical ripening|
Prior to administration
|DINOPROSTONE (CERVIDIL, PREPIDIL, PROSTIN E2)||When using misoprostol to control postpartum hemorrhage|
Victoria S. Recalde, MDKatherine May, BSN, RN
Jessica Reynolds, MS
Prostaglandins are a group of molecules released by most cells in the body that can have effects on different tissues and organs, including the uterus, where they cause cervical ripening and uterine muscle contraction.
Prostaglandins include dinoprostone, also referred to as PGE2, and misoprostol, also referred to as PGE1. Dinoprostone is a naturally occurring prostaglandin E2 that comes in the form of a gel for endocervical administration, or vaginal insert administered intravaginally.
Dinoprostone is typically used to facilitate labor by inducing cervical ripening, to induce abortion in the second trimester, or to evacuate the uterus when there’s a spontaneous abortion or intrauterine fetal death, as well as to manage a benign hydatiform mole.
Misoprostol, on the other hand, is a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analog that can be administered intravaginally and sometimes orally for cervical ripening.
It is also used to control postpartum hemorrhage, for treatment of incomplete or missed abortion, and to induce abortion when administerd with mifeprostone, a progestrone agonist.
Once administered, prostaglandins stimulate secretion of collagenase in the cervix, which degrade collagen.
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