Summary of Hypocalcemia
Hypocalcemia is the presence of low serum calcium levels in the blood. Common causes of hypocalcemia include hypoparathyroidism, vitamin D deficiency, and chronic kidney disease. Symptoms of hypocalcemia include neuromuscular irritability (including tetany as manifested by Chvostek's sign or Trousseau's sign, bronchospasm), electrocardiographic changes, and seizures. Treatment depends on etiology, but usually includes calcium supplementation and some form of vitamin D or its analogues.
Flashcards on Hypocalcemia
Metastatic calcifications and hypocalcemia are associated with elevated serum levels.