Summary of Hypothyroidism medications
Triiodothyronine, also known as T3, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate. The thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and its prohormone, thyroxine (T4), are tyrosine-based hormones produced by the thyroid gland that are primarily responsible for regulation of metabolism. T3 and T4 are partially composed of iodine. The major form of thyroid hormone in the blood is thyroxine (T4), which has a longer half-life than T3. In humans, the ratio of T4 to T3 released into the blood is roughly 20 to 1. T4 is converted to the active T3 (three to four times more potent than T4) within cells by deiodinases (5'-iodinase).
Flashcards on Hypothyroidism medications
The side effects of levothyroxine are the symptoms of , namely, palpitations, diarrhea, weight loss, and increased appetite.
Questions on Hypothyroidism medications
A 20-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, is brought to the obstetrics clinic for her first prenatal visit. Patient's medical history include diabetes mellitus type 1 and hypothyroidism controlled with levothyroxine. Levothyroxine is explained to the patient as a category A drug. Which of the following best describes a category A medication?