Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Pulmonary changes at high altitude and altitude sickness
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation
Superior vena cava syndrome
Apnea of prematurity
Meconium aspiration syndrome
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Sudden infant death syndrome
Transient tachypnea of the newborn
Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Restrictive lung diseases
Apnea, hypoventilation and pulmonary hypertension: Pathology review
Cystic fibrosis: Pathology review
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: Pathology review
Lung cancer and mesothelioma: Pathology review
Obstructive lung diseases: Pathology review
Pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax and atelectasis: Pathology review
Pneumonia: Pathology review
Respiratory distress syndrome: Pathology review
Restrictive lung diseases: Pathology review
Tuberculosis: Pathology review
Apnea of prematurity
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Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which babies younger than 37 weeks of gestational age at birth, suddenly stop breathing for a period of more than 20 seconds. AOP is also considered if there is a cessation of breathing lasting less than 20 seconds, if it is accompanied by bradycardia (abnormally slow heart rate) or cyanosis (oxygen desaturation). AOP usually improves with time and resolves, but some babies may have recurrent episodes, requiring management such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).
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