Bipolar disorder, also known manic depression, is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated mood and periods of depression
. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity or whether there is psychosis. During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic, or irritable. They often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced. During periods of depression there may be crying, poor eye contact with others, and a negative outlook on life. Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorder
and substance use disorder are commonly associated.