Summary of Metabolic alkalosis
Flashcards on Metabolic alkalosis
is a diuretic used to alkalinize the urine or treat metabolic alkalosis as it inhibits carbonic anhydrase.
Questions on Metabolic alkalosis
A 20-year-old man comes to the clinic because of muscle cramps and fatigue for the past year. He has experienced muscle cramps his entire life, but they have now become more frequent and painful. He has always awoken several times per night to urinate. His medical history includes chronic mild hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia. Family history is significant for similar symptoms in one of his four older sisters. He takes no medications. His temperature is 37.0°C (98.6°F), pulse is 76/min, respirations are 14/min, and blood pressure is 126/78 mm Hg. Physical examination shows a tired-appearing male with no other abnormalities. In addition to his chronic electrolyte deficits, laboratory studies show a mild metabolic alkalosis. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?